Sinusitis – Symptoms And Treatment

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     Sinusitis usually occurs during the cold period ( fall-winter – spring), but in many cases it creates problems for us, and out of season ( allergies, chronic sinusitis, long exposure draft, infections, low immunity … ).

     The sharp and intense pain in the forehead or between the eyes? Pain teeth of the upper jaw? The unpleasant feeling that your face is swollen and  nose is clogged? These are all symptoms of sinusitis and the reasons for an urgent visit to the doctor.

     Sinuses are the air vents, which are located in the skull and the membranes that are coated with slime. There are four para nasal sinuses: two frontal sinuses ( in the forehead , above the eyes ), two maxillary ( upper jaw ) sinuses – one inside both cheekbones, ethmoidal sinuses ( beehive -like structure of the 18-20 holes, which is located behind the bridge of the nose ), sphenoid sinus ( behind the nose and below the brain).

     What is very important to know about the sinus is that they are like fingerprints and vary from person to person. What is sinusitis?

The tiny hair -like structures help to move the mucus membranes of the sinuses through and towards the slot ( output ). Namely, all the sinus openings are connected to the nose, thereby enabling seamless exchange of air and mucus. Infections and allergies caused by inflammation of sinus tissue, causing redness and swellings – and this is precisely the sinusitis.

     Initially just a cold, and then?

In most cases of sinusitis usually starts with inflammation caused by colds, allergic reactions or attack, or something that irritated sinuses. However, in most cases, it does not end right where it began, but there is swelling of the sinus tissue. I sinusitis has a large number of direct symptoms. For most people, manifested in the form of nasal congestion and the presence of pain or pressure in several areas, in the area around the face and teeth. Regarding the secretions that are ejected from the nose, it is mostly yellow, green or transparent. Other common symptoms also include fatigue, impaired sense of smell or taste, cough, red throat, bad breath, headaches, fever and pain when leaning forward.

     Chronic sinusitis

      Each sinusitis or sinus hole that is present for more than three months is considered chronic sinusitis. On average, its impact falls under as many as 32 million people worldwide. Even despite the fact that the bacteria are among the first to “settling” weakened sinuses, it is still not known with certainty whether the infections are due to bacteria from the main reason and cause of chronic sinusitis. Certain anatomical set of people, various allergies, polyps, poor immune system and diseases of the teeth may also be a cause of health problems with the sinuses.

     Treatment

     Nasal decongestants – after applying sprays that open nasal openings and allow the sinus drainage ( draining sinus ) – can be of great help, especially during the most difficult days of cold or travel in the air. Very important warning relates to their use, and is recommended to use this drug only a few days, because after a long period of intensive use can lead to the counter-effect in the form of repeated swelling and blockage of the nasal passage / channel. Therefore, the drugs in this group are not used when it comes to chronic sinusitis.

     Although there is no 100 % effective ways to avoid sinusitis , whether acute or chronic , there are certain measures that can be taken to facilitate this unpleasand condition:

  1. Let your sinuses are as moist as possible ( good assistants are based on saline sprays or nasal irrigation ).
  2. Avoid at all costs extremely dry and unventilated rooms.
  3. Do not expose yourself to cigarette smoke or strong chemical odors.

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